Pathways to Graduate Training

ASCO is concerned about the continuing recruitment of optometry students and optometrists into graduate programs. Traditionally, individuals with both optometric credentials and another graduate degree have formed the backbone of the faculty at optometric institutions. Some in optometric academia have expressed that an increased emphasis on medical eye care has perhaps decreased the value of graduate credentials and may have been partially supplanted by residency education, a substantial patient-based experience, or both. Likewise, the recent proliferation of new programs at universities where research is emphasized less among faculty has also altered the balance of faculty.

This new section of our website will be updated in the coming weeks. Stay tuned for future efforts of the AAC in this important area of optometry.

Research Classification and Description

Research Classification Description
Basic Scientific research to improve understanding or prediction of phenomena
T0 Basic biomedical research, including preclinical and animal studies, not including interventions with human subjects
T1 Translation to humans, including proof of concept studies, Phase 1 clinical trials, and focus on new methods of diagnosis, treatment, and prevention in highly-controlled settings
T2 Translation to patients, including Phase 2 and 3 clinical trials, and controlled studies leading to clinical application and evidence-based guidelines
T3 Translation to practice, including comparative effectiveness research, post-marketing studies, clinical outcomes research, as well as health services, and dissemination & implementation research
T4 Translation to communities, including population level outcomes research, monitoring of morbidity, mortality, benefits, and risks, and impacts of policy and change
Clinical Scientific research on clinical healthcare practices to establish or implement safety and efficacy of devices, medications, or interventions.
Education Scholarly activates related to improving optometric pedagogy

Reference: https://ictr.wisc.edu/what-are-the-t0-to-t4-research-classifications/

Funding Opportunities for Graduate Study and Research

Organization Opportunity Website
American Academy of Optometry William C. Ezell Fellowship https://www.aaopt.org/home/aaof/programs/programs-for-graduate-students/programs-graduates
Joe and Janet Barr Early Career Cornea and Contact Lens Research Award https://www.aaopt.org/home/aaof/programs/programs-for-graduate-students/joseph-t-barr-early-cornea-and-contact-lens-research-award
Jill and George Mertz Fellowship https://www.aaopt.org/home/aaof/programs/programs-faculty/aaof-mertz-fellowship
Travel Grants https://www.aaopt.org/annual-meeting/students/students-stf
National Institutes of Health Loan Repayment Program https://www.lrp.nih.gov
K08 Award https://researchtraining.nih.gov/programs/research-education/K08
K23 Award https://researchtraining.nih.gov/programs/career-development/k23
F Awards https://www.nichd.nih.gov/grants-contracts/training-careers/extramural/individual
T35 https://researchtraining.nih.gov/programs/research-education/T35
T32 https://researchtraining.nih.gov/programs/training-grants/t32
K12 https://www.nichd.nih.gov/grants-contracts/training-careers/extramural/FAQs/K12
Fight for Sight Post-Doctoral Awards https://fightforsight.org/
Lions Eye Research Foundation Eye Research Grants http://www.ohiolionseyeresearch.com/
Schools and Colleges of Optometry Many MS and PhD programs have funds to pay for tuition, stipends, and experiments See each school for details.

Other funding resources can be found at ARVO’s funding guide: https://www.arvo.org/journals-and-publications/arvo-funding-guide/

Optometric Research Categories

Topic Categories Investigator Institution
Histology
Anatomy and Physiology
Molecular Biology
Systemic Diseases and the Eye
Contact Lenses Andrew D. Pucker, OD, PhD University of Alabama at Birmingham
Jeffrey Walline, OD, PhD The Ohio State University
Cornea and Anterior Segment
Dry Eye
Imaging and Instrumentation
Optics
Refractive Error Andrew D. Pucker, OD, PhD University of Alabama at Birmingham
Jeffrey Walline, OD, PhD The Ohio State University
Visual Neuroscience
Retina and Posterior Segment
Glaucoma
Optic Nerve
Pharmacology
Binocular Vision
Low Vision & Visual Development
Pediatrics
Sports Vision
Public Health
Optometric Education
Amblyopia
Acquired brain injury
Oculomotor function